Carbon Fiber- All Patterns Explained

26.04.2015
Carbon Fiber- All Patterns Explained

You are searching good looking carbon fiber sheets or you want to make some specific details?

And then you see out there many sellers. Everyone has different patterns... Sounds familiar? Lets have a closer look.

 

1x1 Carbon Fiber Pattern

This pattern reminds math notebook. Is also called plain weave pattern. Its over-under pattern is the pretty standard pattern. Not the strongest of weave but is solid and shouldn't let you down.  Easiest to handle without making the fibers on the ends too messed up. Other weaves fall part incredibly fast, but make up for this is some cool patterns and more strength in the direction of the weave. It is the tightest weave.

1x1 Plain Pattern
1x1 Plain Pattern
 
 1x1 Plain Pattern
 

2x2 Twill Weave Carbon Fiber Pattern 

This pattern looks more  modern than 1x1 plain pattern. Got quite unique look. It represents the diagonals that are synchronized. Is braid over-over-under-under. Most popular pattern that many carbon fiber factories use to make details.  2x2 Twill is mostly used in imitations also. This pattern is elastic and it is good for use with complex shapes because its weave is looser.  

2x2 Twill Pattern
2x2 Twill Pattern
 
2x2 Twill Pattern
 

4 Harness-Satin Carbon Fiber Pattern

This pattern reminds bricks. It looks like wall and it has a point. These are supposedly some of the stronger structural weaves. 4HS= 4 over 1

4 Harness-Satin Pattern
4 Harness-Satin Pattern
 
4 Harness-Satin Pattern
 

5 Harness-Satin Carbon Fiber Pattern

Brother to 4HS.  A Harness-Satin patterns almost always has more weaves per inch than a plain or twill weave (defined as “pics”). Has a higher pic count and it will hold together bit better than a twill weave when handled carefully. 5HS= 5 over 1  

5 Harness-Satin Pattern
5 Harness-Satin Pattern
 

8 Harness-Satin Carbon Fiber Pattern

Relative to 5HS. Reminds long rice grains but it looks simple and awesome. It is also pretty plain to see that the weave will fall apart in your hands if not handled well. If you have very complex curves, an 8 Harness-Satin is the best choice. 8HS= 8 over 1

8 Harness-Satin Pattern
8 Harness-Satin Pattern
 

4x4 Twill Weave Carbon Fiber Pattern

Quite fancy pattern, but not the fanciest. Pattern reminds arrows heads or tractor traces. Is not so prevalent pattern in the carbon fiber sheet market. 4X4 twill will bend around curves better than a 2X2 twill weave. 

4x4 Twill Pattern
4x4 Twill Pattern
 

Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Pattern

Well... This reminds a brunette girl hair. But can we say that this is a weave? Depends on viewer artistic talent. Is used in applications where almost all of the forces exerted on the object come form one axis (up and down, left and right, front and rear). 

Unidirectional Pattern
Unidirectional Pattern
 

These were the most common patterns in the carbon fiber world.

Different weaves can either give varying amounts of strength and looks. They distribute forces in multiple directions differently and can often change strength in the way they are laid and molded as just for a different weave. The looser the fabric, the more likely the fabric will fray at the ends and create spaces in the fabric when bent around complex curves. But a loose fabric will fit around complex curves much better than a tighter weave fabric. Now, lest have a look unusual patterns...

 

Triaxial Balanced Carbon Fiber Pattern

With first look it reminds 2x2 Twill weave, but actually it is not the same pattern. The number of fiber directions from two to three, and changing the orientation of the fibers from orthogonal to 60 degrees increases the damage tolerance and also improves energy absorption. The weaving construction is ‘two over, two under’, alternating over and under the axial yarns. Applications are for composite reinforcement in aerospace, engineering, sports equipment and automotive racing.

Triaxial Balance Pattern
Triaxial Balance Pattern
 

Prepreg Triaxial Carbon Fiber Pattern

If we look closer it reminds beehive. Potential applications for this triaxial pattern include diaphragm transducers such as pressure sensors, microphones, loudspeakers, stethoscopes and electromagnetic devices such as antenna reflectors.

 
 
 
Triaxial Balance
Triaxial Balance
 
Prepreg Triaxial Pattern
Prepreg Triaxial Pattern
 

Trixtial Patterns

There are many trixtial patterns but the point it that you will get the understanding why it can be good for you. 
* Triaxial weaving is part of the traditional craft of basketry. Its use has been dated back to around 5,700 BC in Japan. 
* Triaxial weaving produces material which is structurally superior to many sorts of rectangular weaving. Since the structural elements run in three directions, the resulting fabric is much more resistant to shearing forces and doesn't easily crimp. 
* Triaxial fabrics often have good strain resistance, planar shear resistance, tear resistance, abrasion resistance and bursting resistance. 
* What applications are suitable for using triaxial techniques? 
The main selling points of triaxial weaving are: 1) Light weight; 2) Low material cost; 3) Isotropy; 4) Shear-resistance. 
* Trixtial patterns are not very common, so it is also harder to get one. 

Lets look now on bit crazier patterns...

 

1K x 3K Plain Weave Carbon Fiber Pattern

Unique plain weave. With a 3K warp and a 1K fill its loose weave is highly formable and wets out easily. Is is used to add selective directional reinforcement to applications without adding considerable weight.

1K x 3K Weave pattern
1K x 3K Weave pattern
 

A Jacquard Weave Carbon Fiber Pattern

If you have been to Estonian Song Festival then you probably have seen historic folk clothing. You can see in Estonian Song Festival the same pattern in wool skirts, belts and men waistcoat. This pattern is actually mostly the same as the 1x1 Plain weave.

A Jacquard Weave Pattern
A Jacquard Weave Pattern
 

D Jacquard Weave Carbon Fiber Pattern

If you are producing carbon fiber violins or cellos then this pattern can be just for you. Until you use it just for the cosmetic looks. 

D Jacquard Weave Pattern
D Jacquard Weave Pattern
 

Aquarius Carbon Fiber Pattern

Well in this point we can have a question in our heads that how far can we go with patterns? This pattern is suitable for Russian carbon fiber accordion cosmetic looks. 

Aquarius Pattern
Aquarius Pattern
 

Constellation Carbon Fiber Pattern

It looks like this pattern has used the unidirectional carbon fiber (black squares) but not quite sure. It can be quite good pattern because it looks like it is trixtial pattern. 

Constellation Pattern
Constellation Pattern
 

Galaxy Carbon Fiber Pattern

This pattern reminds videos that depict LSD effect. Why this pattern can be better than others? Well... here we can talk more about art and cup of teas. Its more just to cosmetic looks.   

Galaxy Pattern
Galaxy Pattern
 

Rook Carbon Fiber Pattern

The rook, named after a chess piece, reminds a chessboard depending on the angle of light you’re looking at. We can see either the chessboard or a larger diamond grid with a smaller square inside of each other. When you see the grid, it gives off a very three-dimensional appearance, as if the blocks are almost popping out of the fabric. 

Rook Pattern
Rook Pattern
 

Atomic Carbon Fiber Pattern

The atomic pattern is really defined diamonds within diamonds within diamonds. Mostly like to see this one laminated with believing it would really pop between the differences in contrast with light shifts. 

Atomic Pattern
Atomic Pattern
 

Grandmaster Carbon Fiber Pattern

From an aesthetic appearance, the Grandmaster is quite huge, but also the one that’s not exactly new or unique. The best way to describe the Grandmaster is by picturing a normal plain weave and zooming it in. Essentially, it’s a regular piece of carbon fiber with a really large weave, making for an extraordinary look. The dry fabric is fairly stiff so it will be a little harder to work with, but the effort should be worth the results. 

Grandmaster Pattern
Grandmaster Pattern
 

Wasp Carbon Fiber Pattern

The Wasp pattern is like taking a mixture of twill and plain weave, and then putting a honeycomb pattern within those. The pattern comes off as almost a reptile skin which would be an interesting look for the application you’re using it on.

Wasp Pattern
Wasp Pattern
 

Roswell Carbon Fiber Pattern

At certain angles this patterns almost looks like little spaceships… or hamburgers, which fits the Roswell name well. There is a mixture of different shapes, patterns and angles, giving an extremely unique and different look that is sure to stand out amongst the crowd.

Roswell Pattern
Roswell Pattern
 

Labyrinth Carbon Fiber Pattern

The labyrinth is definitely the “funkiest” off the patterns with an almost chaotic pattern that has definition. This pattern seems to be the lightest fabric of the bunch, most likely making it the easiest to work with when conforming to curves.

Labyrinth Pattern
Labyrinth Pattern
 

Crazy, odd and fancy patterns.

Well actually there are much more and more patterns out there. Our imagination is the limit. But why there are so many patterns in carbon fiber world? If we look around nowadays then we see fashion everywhere. Can we say that carbon fiber cloth manufacturers have gone crazy and are part of fop? So and so. If you start an new carbon fiber cloth factory, then you need costumers. You will have to have: 
1) Classic patterns. (what is standard) 
2) "Something more" patterns. (which can add value) 
3) "Wow" effect patterns. (something that world has not seen before) 
Otherwise your factory will not survive.  

Mostly these crazy, odd, fancy, sexy and "Wow" effect patterns are directed to innovators.